Industrial Engineering

What makes Assembly in the United States Attractive?

What makes Assembly in the United States Attractive?
Assembly Magazine June 2021
By Harry Moser
https://www.assemblymag.com/articles/96468-what-makes-assembly-in-the-united-states-attractive

The volatility and uncertainty resulting from trade wars and the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with increased consumer demand for faster delivery, customization and responsiveness, is helping to promote reshoring and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States. Reshoring and FDI are both motivated by the same logic: the agility and financial advantages that companies achieve by producing near their customers.

Let’s examine the top three industries that are reshoring to ascertain what makes assembly in the United States attractive. Ironically, the industries that are most actively reshoring today are those that probably should not have left in the first place. (See table below) The top three are assembly-intensive industries: transportation equipment, electronics and appliances.

No. 1: Transportation Equipment

Last August, Tier 1 automotive supplier Detroit Manufacturing Systems (DMS) announced that it would invest $31.9 million to expand its assembly plant in Detroit, resulting in 220 new jobs and advanced manufacturing and assembly capabilities. Supply chain synergies, government incentives, proximity to customers, and skilled workforce availability made assembly in the United States attractive. A $1.5 million Jobs Ready Michigan Program Grant helped DMS continue investing in Detroit.

In February, Spanish automotive supplier Sese Industrial Services announced that it would build a new 300,000-square-foot axle assembly plant in Chattanooga, TN. The investment of more than $42 million will create 240 new jobs. Products manufactured at the facility include axle components for Volkswagen’s line of electric vehicles. Government incentives, infrastructure and skilled workforce availability were positive factors that made assembly in the United States attractive.

No. 2: Computers and Electronics Products

In February, DarkPulse Inc., a technology company that produces laser-sensing systems, announced that it was planning to build a manufacturing and engineering facility in Tempe, AZ.

“Having an ISO 9001- and AS 9100-certified electronics and electromechanical assembly operation allows us to manufacture hardware for both commercial and military specifications,” says Dennis O’Leary, chairman and CEO of DarkPulse.

Infrastructure, proximity to customers, and underutilized capacity were the factors that made U.S. manufacturing and assembly attractive for DarkPulse.

No. 3: Electrical Equipment and Appliances

Based in Stafford, TX, Microvast Inc. designs and manufactures lithium-ion batteries for electric cars, buses, forklifts, boats and energy storage systems. In February, the company announced that will invest $220 million to build a new assembly plant in Clarksville, TN, creating 287 jobs.

“Microvast is excited to expand our U.S. footprint in Clarksville, where we have access to a talented workforce and a business friendly community,” says Microvast executive vice president Shane Smith. “We believe that expanding our operations in Tennessee will support our efforts to advance the electrification revolution.”

Infrastructure, skilled workforce and underutilized capacity made U.S. manufacturing and assembly attractive for Microvast.

In January, GE Appliances announced that it would add up to 150 jobs at its oven assembly plant in LaFayette, GA, due to surging demand during the COVID-19 pandemic. “We’ve definitely seen significant volumes,” says Lois Crandall, plant manager. “We have double-digit increases in sales right now.”

Now is an especially good time for companies to reevaluate the choice of domestic vs. offshore production. To help quantify those costs, the Reshoring Initiative website provides tools to help companies decide objectively whether their overhead will come down more than their manufacturing cost goes up when sourcing locally.