Implementation of Industrial Technology 4.0 in Realizing IKN as a Smart City

Implementation of Industrial Technology 4.0 in Realizing IKN as a Smart City
By Salma Salsabila Az Zahra

The relocation of Indonesia’s capital city is expected to strengthen the nation’s economy. Ibu Kota Negara (IKN) Nusantara is planned to become the hub of national economic activity with connections to both domestic and foreign markets in the future. This superhub is supported by the construction and development of 6 economic clusters and 2 supporting clusters. One of the supporting clusters is Smart City and Industry 4.0 Center.

The Industrial Revolution 4.0 is characterized by increased connectivity, and interaction, as well as modern information and technology that are capable of altering numerous aspects of human life. Industry 4.0’s development gave rise to the idea of Society 5.0, which prioritizes humans as a source of innovation (human-centered) in the use of technology to solve problems in everyday life, including advancing the implementation of smart cities. A “smart city” is a city management and development concept that utilizes information and communication technology to help with sensing, understanding, and controlling city resources effectively and efficiently to maximize community services and support sustainable development.

The “Movement Towards Smart City” has been initiated by the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo) since 2017. In recent years, several major cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Bandung, Balikpapan, Makassar, and Surabaya have started to apply the smart city concept. This concept aims to overcome issues that affect urban living on a daily basis, such as traffic congestion, flooding, security, energy waste, and others. For the smart city concept to be realized successfully, it requires the participation of the local government, community, academics, and businesses.

The smart city concept has six essential dimensions, consisting of smart governance, smart society, smart economy, smart environment, smart mobility, and smart living. smart governance is transparent governance that provides excellent public services, effective bureaucratic management, and efficient public policies while embracing new technologies. A smart society is a communicative, productive, and interactive society with high levels of digital literacy. A smart economy can be built by enhancing a competitive industrial ecology, enhancing human well-being, and developing a financial transaction ecosystem through technological optimization. A smart environment refers to good and sustainable environmental governance with responsible waste and energy management. Furthermore, smart mobility is the use of technology in an integrated transportation system for urban residents. The last dimension, which is smart living that can be accomplished by creating livable cities that satisfy three elements, the viability of a lifestyle, the quality of health, and the availability of transportation. This is done by integrating technology into these three areas.

In order to achieve the smart city concept, technology is essentially needed to centrally combine data and operations. Several Industry 4.0 technologies, including the Internet of Things (IoT), edge computing, big data analytics, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) should be developed in the direction of Society 5.0. IoT is a technology that utilizes internet networks to link sensor devices, connectivity, user interfaces, and process data. Edge computing is a computing system that focuses on IoT traffic for storing and processing data that is performed at or close to the data sources. Big data analytics involves analyzing enormous amounts of structured and unstructured data to come up with strategic conclusions. And, AI is computer and machine technology that has been engineered to possess intelligence and behave like people.

To implement the concept of a smart city in the Society 5.0 era, several conditions must be met. First, government needs to embrace the use of integrated information and communication technologies in daily life. Collaborations between several stakeholders, including the government, academia, business entities, the general public or communities, and the media are necessary for the city to reach its full potential. To successfully implement this concept, the development of human resources skills, innovation, and leadership is also necessary. Lastly, established integration between industrial and transportation systems.

During IKN’s construction, the State Capital Authority (OIKN) invited various nations, including Singapore, South Korea, and Finland to participate in the building of Kota Nusantara. OIKN collaborates with the Center for Livable Cities (CLC), a division of the National Development Council of Singapore, to develop a hospitable city in IKN. The goals of this collaborative project are to develop a smart and green city with reliable and integrated transportation systems, to plan for the establishment of high-density urban areas, to build infrastructure and inclusive communities, and to carry out efficient management of heat and humidity.

In addition to Singapore, the development of IKN technology is also supported by the Republic of South Korea. At the Global Project Plaza 2023 event in Incheon, South Korea, OIKN stated that IKN planned to become a carbon-neutral city. This target would be attained through various reforestation initiatives, community empowerment, and the use of technology in urban planning, development, and management to increase resource efficiency and effectiveness, as well as enhance people’s quality of life. OIKN has also partnered with Siemens, a top technology corporation focused on transport, industry, infrastructure, and healthcare in the modern energy sector, as a way to develop the smart city, smart energy, smart mobility infrastructure, smart building, and smart industrial automation systems in IKN.

Smart lighting, which may cut expenses while also lowering carbon emissions and light pollution, is one of the cutting-edge technologies being considered for use in the IKN. It is anticipated that using environmentally friendly technologies may lessen the effects of climate change. The establishment of world-class hospitals is an endeavor to raise the quality of life for IKN residents. Hermina Hospital is scheduled to begin operations in August 2024, and offer 200 beds for VIP, BPJS, and non-BPJS care, along with mother and child, heart, stroke, emergency, and ICU services. This hospital prioritizes patient safety with the support of electronic medical record hospitals and environmentally friendly green buildings.


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