Good Manufacturing Practice: A Framework for Total Quality Management in Manufacturing


Good Manufacturing Practice: A Framework for Total Quality Management in Manufacturing
By Reinaldo Ragil Rompas

Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), refers to a system of rules, guidelines, and paperwork that guarantees the production and control of manufactured goods, including food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, in accordance with predetermined quality standards. By putting GMP into practice, one can reduce waste and losses as well as prevent recalls, seizures, fines, and jail time. In general, it shields the business and the customer from unfavorable food safety incidents. GMPs inspect and cover every facet of the production process to protect against risks like adulteration, mislabeling, and cross-contamination that could have disastrous consequences for products.

Enforcing Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in the workplace is crucial for the manufacturing sector to maintain consistent product quality and safety. Strict adherence to standards is made possible by concentrating on the following five P’s of GMP during the whole production process. The following are the five P’s of GMP: 

1. People
All employees must complete a current GMP training to fully comprehend their roles and responsibilities. Evaluating their work enables them to become more competent, productive, and efficient.

2. Products
Before being distributed to customers, every product must go through continuous testing, comparison, and quality assurance. At every stage of production, manufacturers should make sure that primary materials, such as raw materials and other components, have precise specifications. 

3. Processes
All staff members should receive copies of clearly defined, consistent, and properly documented processes. To make sure all workers are adhering to the organization’s standards and current processes, regular evaluations should be carried out.

4. Procedures
A set of instructions for carrying out a crucial process or a portion of a process to produce a consistent outcome is called a procedure. It needs to be explained to every employee and adhered to consistently.

5. Premises
Maintaining cleanliness on the premises is essential to prevent cross-contamination, accidents, and even fatalities. To reduce the chance of equipment failure, all equipment needs to be placed, stored, and calibrated on a regular basis to make sure it is appropriate for the purpose of delivering reliable results.

To put it briefly, Total Quality Management, or TQM for short, is a continuous improvement approach to quality management that centers on the customer and involves all available company resources. Instilling quality awareness in all organizational processes is the goal of TQM, to put it in another way. TQM, to put it simply, is a strategy used by management to attain long-term objectives through customer satisfaction. Using strategy, data, and effective communication into business activities and culture is the foundation of Total Quality Management (TQM). When all staff members actively contribute to enhancing the company’s culture, services, and product development processes, good TQM implementation will result. The objective is to provide the highest caliber of goods or services in order to satisfy customers.

Focusing on enhancing the quality of goods or services within a process as opposed to verifying quality within a process is one way to apply the Total Quality Management (TQM) System. Naturally, using this technique will result in fewer or even no defects in products. This is positively correlated with GMP, which applies stringent quality control throughout the entire production process to guarantee that the goods produced meet defined standards for quality. The framework of TQM in manufacturing is GMP. Businesses can produce consistently high-quality products, boost productivity, and become more competitive in the global market by implementing GMP and TQM effectively.